Column: The Significance of Adopting ISSB ESG Disclosure Standards and Future Challenges

at 2024-05-30 11:05:25.0 / 59 Hits

Recently, the International Sustainability Standards Board (ISSB) ESG disclosure standards have garnered global attention. According to the latest report from the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), over 20 countries have either fully adopted ISSB standards or are developing their ESG disclosure standards based on them. These countries collectively represent 55% of the world's GDP, indicating that more than half of the global economy is now oriented towards sustainability.

What is ESG?

Firstly, what is ESG? ESG stands for Environmental, Social, and Governance. It refers to criteria used to evaluate how well a company performs in these three areas:

  • Environmental: This assesses how a company manages its environmental responsibilities, including reducing greenhouse gas emissions, using renewable energy, and protecting the environment.
  • Social: This evaluates a company’s social responsibilities, such as protecting workers' rights, providing a safe working environment, and contributing to the community.
  • Governance: This examines the transparency and accountability of a company’s management, including the independence of its board of directors and the protection of shareholders' and stakeholders' rights.

Why is ESG Important?

ESG is not just about improving a company's image. It is a crucial factor in enhancing long-term sustainability and providing trust to investors. For instance, neglecting environmental protection can lead to regulatory penalties, failing to fulfill social responsibilities can result in consumer backlash, and lacking transparent governance can increase management risks, making investors uneasy.

The Significance of ISSB ESG Disclosure Standards

The ISSB sets standards to evaluate these ESG factors. The fact that countries adopting ISSB standards account for 55% of the world’s GDP signifies that a substantial part of the global economy is realigning around ESG principles. This will contribute to providing investors with more transparent and reliable information, thereby enhancing long-term investment stability and sustainability.

Practical Changes and Challenges

However, adopting ISSB ESG disclosure standards does not solve all problems. The economic situations and industrial structures of different countries vary, making it challenging to apply uniform standards universally. Additionally, even if disclosure standards are adopted, their effectiveness diminishes if implementation and monitoring are inadequate. Therefore, continuous oversight, evaluation, and necessary amendments to the standards are crucial.


The adoption of ISSB ESG disclosure standards is a significant step towards positive changes in the global economy and environment. Countries and companies must use this opportunity to enhance transparency and trust, taking steps toward a sustainable future. Continuous efforts and collaboration are needed to ensure the effectiveness of these standards, leading to genuine change and development.